Learning Journal Four

Step Two:

This week in class, we learn the outline of a Wikipedia and how to research for credible sources using academic search engines to search for evidence that would help support and credit our reasoning on a particular topic. We learn the common mistakes a typical college student takes when assigned on a research draft for a class. We learn the importance of using Wikipedia and Google to narrow down a topic in word terms necessarily used in academic search engines or library databases when searching for credible evidence or scholarly articles. I plan on using these new techniques I learn by simply readdressing how I search for credible relevant evidence on any given assignments in the future. I also plan on gathering knowledge on more academic search engine websites that would allow me to gain further access to many other sources available online simply for the sake of supporting a main idea in an assignment.

Step Three:

  • Take A Swing At This: Golf Is Exercise, Cart Or No Cart:
    • The website that wrote this article is NPR, which is a national public radio broadcasting news all over the world and is known for the least bias in delivering news
    • All of the dialogues are professional golfers who compete in world tournaments
  • The relationships between golf and health: a scoping review:
    • The website is British Journals of Sport Medicine known for doing original research on participates to gain knowledge on a particular event
    • The article has been reviewed by eight doctors in the sport of medicine
  • One-Year Follow-up Study on Golf Injuries in Australian Amateur Golfers:
    • The website of the article is Sage Journals known for the 5th largest journal publishers around the world
    • Credited by three researchers who has a PhD in sport science.
  • The mind/body connection of the golf swing:
    • Reviewed by authors who has a degree in Psychology
    • The website that support this research is Research Gate which is known to have researches written by scientists all over the world
  • Mood Changes Following Golf Among Senior Recreational Players:
    • Reviewed by professors from University of Wolverhampton and Worcester in the United Kingdom
    • The website that support this research is Journal of Sports Science and Medicine known for making scientific electronic journals and case studies
  • A controlled trial of the health benefits of regular walking on a golf course:
    • Reviewed by ten authors who has a doctor degree in medicine and science
    • The website is Science Direct and it is known to inform solution to researchers and health care professionals

Step Four:

  • Take A Swing At This: Golf Is Exercise, Cart Or No Cart:
    • The main idea of this article explains that in the majority of the older folks in the population of the United States, favors the sport of Golf than any other sport in existent. Using the main points described in the article about many different perspectives from golfers all over the nation, gives the audience the sense of familiarity and trust by relating their experience on the golf course to the golfers experience in the article.  The author of the article concluded with golf as the sport that can boost your mentality and relief stress associated by daily life task a golfer might face outside of a golf course
    • The World Golf Foundation estimates that golfers who walk an 18-hole course clock about 5 miles and burn up to 2,000 calories.
    • There’s also a mental boost for lots of players. “There’s rarely a bad day on the golf course,” Gary Metzger says. “You’re breathing good air and looking around at the nice scenery.”
  • The relationships between golf and health: a scoping review:
    • The main idea of the research explains how Golf connects to an individual’s health. In the first half of the research, the author shows to readers many other different cases of studies and ways to access them to help promote the connection between health and the sport of Golf. The study was conducted on golfers from all ages and genders who went out and play a round of golf over a period of time to observe the physical activity in golf and whether golf provides injures to its players. The researchers of this article included various charts and data to conclude that Golf promotes longevity and improving physical health on a golfer.
    • In providing moderate intensity physical activity, it is biologically plausible that golf could be expected to have beneficial effects in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases, including ischemic heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, and colon and breast cancer.
    • “This scoping review identified over 300 studies investigating the relationship between golf and health. Golf has been shown to provide moderate intensity aerobic physical activity and therefore could be expected to have the same beneficial effects on longevity, physical health, mental health and wellness associated with physical activity.”
  • One-Year Follow-up Study on Golf Injuries in Australian Amateur Golfers:
    • The main idea of the journal is to explain the common injuries that occurs in Golfers during their time out in the golf course. Most of the injuries are caused by the golf swing and is commonly occurred at the impact of the club head of the golf club and the golf ball located on the ground. The study also observed golfer’s habits and routine warm ups that may worsen or may prevent plausible injuries. The research journal was a survey conducted over a period of one year among five hundred and eighty eight Australian golfers recording their injuries associated when playing golf.
    • “The overall 1-year incidence rate of golf injury was 15.8 injuries per 100 golfers, which equates to a range of 0.36 to 0.60 injuries/1000 hours/person.”
    • “Other factors such as age, gender, handicap, practice habits, and warm-up habits were not significantly associated with golf injury.”
  • The mind/body connection of the golf swing:
    • The main idea is to conduct research that supports the argument of whether the game of golf is both a physical and mental sport. The article explains the connections between the mind and the body when the golfer is active during a game of golf through theories and solutions a golfer experience during a give problem on the golf course.  Using this main idea in the Wikipedia entry helps address to the readers that the game of golf is not only a physical sport between the body and the golf club, but also the mind is involved during the course of playing a round of golf.
    • “Golf is rapidly becoming the sport of all ages. Some play it a few times in a season; others play it every day.”
    • “It is a game enjoyed by both amateurs and professionals. Golf is played socially as well as for millions of dollars in prize money. Some play with handicaps; others play with no handicap. All golfers, however, play the game with their physical bodies as well as their minds. Golf has a definite mind/body connection of which every golfer should be aware.”
  • Mood Changes Following Golf Among Senior Recreational Players:
    • The main idea of the article explains the change of mood in the older folks in the community of golf. The article address that golfer preform breathing rhythmic patterns that help regulate a positive mood during a non-competitive game of golf. When golfers were sent to participate in a golf tournament, negative mood develops as spectators observes the golfer developing stress and pressure when making a golf shot on the golf course. The research was conducted over a series of mood scales test by observing golfers over the whole round of a golf match.
    • “It is argued that playing golf for an ageing-population is light to moderately intense exercise, has rhythmic breathing, with some degree of predictable and repetitive movements.”
    • “They found golfers experience a range of discrete and intense emotional responses during competition, arguing the golfers should be taught a range of psychological skills. This finding is consistent with previous research with non-elite golfers”
  • A controlled trial of the health benefits of regular walking on a golf course:
    • The main idea of the article is to conduct an experiment to observe the effects on walking on the golf course and whether walking effects various health in either a positive or a negative way. Using this research observation helps address the reader whether walking is more of a positive or negative effect on health during the game of golf.
    • “Regular walking had many positive effects on the health and fitness of sedentary middle-aged men. Walking during a golf game is characterized by high adherence and low risk of injury and is therefore a good form of health-enhancing physical activity.”
    • “Golf is a social and pleasurable form of activity that includes long bouts of low- to moderate-intensity walking and it can be enjoyed by all age groups and by both sexes. Although the amount of walking during a golf game depends on the golf course and the player’s skills, the estimated distance walked per round is about 7 km”

Step Five:

(a) The Overview:

To observe the connection between the game of golf and its effect with a golfer’s health.

(b) Sections

  • Walking on the golf course
    • Evidence: Take A Swing At This: Golf Is Exercise, Cart Or No Cart
    • Evidence: A controlled trial of the health benefits of regular walking on a golf course
  • Stress and mood associated with golf
    • Evidence: Mood Changes Following Golf Among Senior Recreational Players
  • Common injuries that occur during a game of golf
    • Evidence: One-Year Follow-up Study on Golf Injuries in Australian Amateur Golfers
  • Mind and Body in the game of golf
    • Evidence: The relationships between golf and health: a scoping review
    • Evidence: The mind/body connection of the golf swing

(c) Pictures

Picture for competitive stress

Picture for Injury at Impact

Picture for interaction with people during Golf Game

(d) Citations

Aubrey, Allison. Take a Swing At This: Golf is Exercise, Cart Or No Cart. 15 June 2015. 10 February 2017.

Lane, Andrew M. Mood Changes Following Golf Among Senior Recreational Players. 03 January 2005. 10 February 2017.

McHardy, Andrew. One-Year Follow-up Study on Golf Injuries in Australian Amateur Golfers. 01 August 2007. 10 February 2017.

Murray, Andrew. The relationships between golf and health: a scoping review. 03 October 2016. 10 February 2017.

Parkkari , Jari, et al. A controlled trial of the health benefits of regular walking on a golf course. 01 August 2000. 10 February 2017.

Selicki, F A. The mind/body connection of the golf swing. February 1996. 10 February 2017.

Step Seven:

Some of the problems that I experienced in the past is mostly the context of the evidence. Whenever I read an article and breeze through their evidence once or twice, I usually find that the author has misinterpreted the point of the research evidence they used in their writing. This practice has always lead me to believe that the author is either careless or just doesn’t care about the guidelines of using or citing the research data conducted by a credible research facility. As explained in the essay written by Stedman, I like how relatable the guidelines of driving a car in the road of the United States is so similar to the guidelines on using credible sources on writing. With this in mind, I plan on paying attention to all the nooks and cranny in all my future credible academic sources for every piece of writing I will be assigned in the future courses here at UC Davis. Meaning, to improve my writing practices for the sake of my writing in the future, I have to start as early as possible on a writing assignment to allow the maximum amount of time to thoroughly analyze the credible sources main ideas and allowing those main ideas to flow to the blank pages of paper before the procedure to revise until near perfection.


One thought on “Learning Journal Four”

  1. a) I like how your subtopics for your Wikipedia entry are so diverse. It really ties together how the effects of golf on the health of the golfer has a wide range of variables that need to be considered (as opposed to how most just look at the stress that golf can put on the body, leading to injuries).

    b) I learned that the writing process needs a lot of care, detail and attention. You have to look at not only the content and research material, but also how you incorporate all of the sources in order to properly tie them together with the points that you are trying to make.

    c) I wonder how you will incorporate your evidence into your article in order to strengthen the points that you make about the effects that golf has on the player’s health.


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