The Effect of Health in Golf

Table Of Content:

  1. Walking on the Golf Course
  2. Stress and Mood associated with Golf
  3. Common Injuries that occur during a ame of Golf
  4. Mind and Body in the Game of Golf

The effects of Health in Golf

Picture 1: Many Golfers communicate when they are on the Golf course with their pals

There are many connections with health and the game of Golf. Walking on the Golf Course or even standing to make a play allows the body and the mind to be able to be relaxed during a game of golf. Although there may be
some cons when playing golf such as injuries and stress, these factors can also allow the golfer to develop into a more athletic person able to endure these injuries physically and mentally either with or without a group of golfers on a golf course.

Walking on the Golf Course:

Walking on the golf course has many health benefits for a golfer. According to the World Golf Foundation, an average golfer walks about five miles on a typical golf course which can result in “burning up to 2,000 calories” during a 18 hole course.  A typical golf game lasts about two to three hours depending on the pace of play. Allowing the body to be near nature such as trees or ponds of water helps the body to take in the nature in the environment. [1] [5]

Players are able to see, smell, and hear nature within the golf course during a match of golf allowing the body to relax by disconnecting from everyday life occurring outside of the golf course. Experienced golfers developed the ability to relax their body quickly before the match, allowing them to gain tempo and rhythmic patterns needed for the golf swing for best distance results.

In order to make a play in a golf course, players must swing their golf clubs at the ball to make contact and allowing the energy to be transferred from the club to the ball in smooth transition. When swinging at the ball, players use tempo to allow minimal loss of kinetic energy from the body to golf club and to the golf ball. By having this rhythmic pattern, the body remains in constant flow of motion allowing them to minimize joint damages over the course of their life time. [4]

During a free time with a group of golfers, interaction with one another is a common way that is beneficial for a golfer’s health. In all ages from young to old, golf is a sport that allows anyone whether it is age, gender or physical build to allow them to uniquely interact when playing the game of golf. Interaction while following the rules of golf with other golfers in the group can uplift the each golfer’s mood independently reducing the chance of gaining depression that occurs outside of the golfing community.

Picture 2: A Golfer in a lot of pressure when making a play in front of spectators.


Stress and Mood associated in Golf:

Not all stress in life is bad for an individual. Some stress can help a person grow both mentally and physically as the human body has a natural tendency to adapt to situations in life helping the person to grow stronger. Commonly, each golf courses have unique ways to challenge the golfer in a positive way. Designers of the golf course strategically place sand bunkers, ponds, and position trees for the ball to land into depending on their choosing of difficulty for the course. This results in making the golfer plan their shots to shift the ball in his desired path way. Harder courses allow the golfer to challenge themselves and gain the desire to overcome difficulties both on the golf course and life outside the golfing community. As the golfer consistently play the same golf course over a course of weeks, the player will develop a sense of direction on where to launch the ball in order to become better on that specific golf course.[2]

Picture 3: A Player making a swing at the ball showing the tension in the body.


Common injuries that occur during a game of Golf:

Injuries in golf usually occur when the golfer takes a swing at the golf ball. The twisting motion of an inflexible body can inflict harm to an individual if the player is out of tempo.

A one year study on the injuries of golf to a group of both female and male Australian Amateur Golfers shows injuries occur more frequently to individuals who didn’t perform stretching exercise then those who did perform stretching exercise before a match of golf. There are also other stretches that a golfer take that may worsen an injury if the stretch is improper to do. [3]

Some of the most common areas that golf may develop injuries is wrist, spine, hips and shoulder when performing a golf swing since these are the areas where tempo motion can be physically stop increasing the risk of joint injuries. A golf swing consist of moving the golf club backward which involves the shoulder, spine and hips to be used in order for the golf swing to gain energy needed for the golfer to exert on the golf ball. During the downswing of the golf swing, the player must stay in tempo in order to transfer the energy gain from the hips to the spine to the shoulder and to the golf club to allow constant flow of maximum energy from the rotation of the body to the golf ball at the point of contact.

Mind and Body in the game of Golf:

When playing a game of golf, players are face with the mental picture of their desired golf swing before actually creating the swing physically that mimics the mental image of their desired swing. After conducting the physical swing of the ideal golf swing, golfers obtain valuable feedback observing how the ball reacted to the swing of the golfer. Experienced golfers learn the value of the ideal golf swing in their mind and thus allowing them to mentally picture many different scenarios that may occur when they physically hit the ball with their golf clubs. Taking the extra time to gain data on the factors that can move the ball when hitting the golf ball a certain way is needed to be able to create an ideal golf swing in the mind. With minor adjustment to the physical body with the shoulder, hips, spine, and feet can impact the trajectory of the golf ball entirely. Golf is a sport where mentality and physical connection needs to be in sync and in rhythm in order for the physical body to follow the ideal golf swing that is portrayed in the mindset of the golfer. [6]  The more the physical body is align to the ideal golf swing, the perfect the shot is in order to reduce the number of strokes in the game that would in total improve your game in the game of golf.


  1. Aubrey, Allison.Take a Swing At This: Golf is Exercise, Cart Or No Cart. 15 June 2015. 10 February 2017.
  2. Lane, Andrew M.Mood Changes Following Golf Among Senior Recreational Players. 03 January 2005. 10 February 2017.
  3. McHardy, Andrew.One-Year Follow-up Study on Golf Injuries in Australian Amateur Golfers. 01 August 2007. 10 February 2017.
  4. Murray, Andrew.The relationships between golf and health: a scoping review. 03 October 2016. 10 February 2017.
  5. Parkkari , Jari, et al.A controlled trial of the health benefits of regular walking on a golf course. 01 August 2000. 10 February 2017.
  6. Selicki, F A.The mind/body connection of the golf swing. February 1996. 10 February 2017.
  7. Picture 1:Picture for interaction with people during Golf Game
  8. Picture 2:Picture for competitive stress
  9. Picture 3:Picture for Injury at Impact

Learning Journal One

Step One:

A change of perspective has shown a new meaning on what it means to write. Writing is not something to be finished to show off to others, but as a tool to connect with others allowing them to show empathy to the writer. Throughout my days from elementary school to the last day of high school, writing was a just a burden I needed to perfect in order to begin the first steps of my life goals. Until recently when attending University of California Davis in my freshman year that I realize every published work in the world is not flawless, but filled with error in the means of logical eyes of critical thinking. Every past strategy of writing that was based on what is labeled as “good” was crushed which allowed me to start a fresh meaning on what it means to write. As of now and probably all my future writings in my life will have a perspective of writing to connecting with others than to write to entertain them.

Step Two:

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In my first week of taking the University Writing Program (UWP) at University of California Davis was the evidence I needed in order to confirm that writing is a process to connect with the intended audience. I feel as if every literary work I will partake in the future will have some influence to change who I am as an individual in society. There is no set things you have to do in the writing process, but merely the process to connect to a specific group of people in society. In my future days attending UWP, I expect a learn how to write in order to connect with all types of people throughout the world.

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 Step Three and Four:


The first step I do when I begin on a writing assignment is finding a place to write. I usually write in either the library or in my own room where it is peace and quiet. The second step of action is to finish the first draft on the very same day. The last step is to wait over forty-eight hours to clear my mind before revising the essay to address what I really mean in each paragraphs to the audience I’m portraying too.



I have chosen bubbl.us to create the bubble mapping to show the readers the steps in a simple diagram and bubble.us also saves the diagram automatically in a jpeg file.

The first and second step in the diagram shown above is the most critical writing process if you want to answer in the most accurate response. Without the correct interpretation on what the prompt is telling you, there is no way possible to get the most accurate response to the questions you do not understand. Step three allows the writer to answer the prompt personally in order to clear his mind before reading the passage of the prompt. Step four, five, six, and seven explains the actions needed to fully analyze the given passage and to prep the writer for the writing process. Step eight, nine, ten, and eleven explains the writing process describing the discoveries found when reading the passage. Step twelve describes the revising of the essay to help the writer clear any mistakes and to sharpen his meaning to his audience reading his written essay.

Answering to Question:

I usually find myself writing very bad first draft in all my writing in the past. Luckily, the revision process I do helps make the draft clearer for the audience to interpret my points on the given subject. While reading Lamott’s passage from a book “Bird by Bird”, I stumble the thought of all her evidence were all personal to her life experience which has weaken the message of her overall passage. Although it may not be the life experience everyone might go through their life, she does give out good points that many professional writers do in fact write really bad first drafts in their career. A missing point to Lamott’s main point on writing bad first drafts is failure to address the possibility of some writers in the world who may claim they do not write very bad first drafts in their whole life. In reading the passage, I might have widen my perspective even more by taking the initiative that people in general are not perfect and are more likely to write very bad first drafts when doing a writing assignment in their lifetime.

Learning Journal 8

Step One:

In class of UWP 001Y, we learn from the very beginning that there is no such thing as a perfect piece of writing since there are so much topics that there is no one such way a person needs to write in order to address to any situation. Since there is no such piece of writing that is perfect for all discourse communities around the world, we do have a process where any such piece of writing can be sharpen for the writer to express his points to a particular audience through the process of revision. The revision process is not a robotic action where you revise someone’s work but a revision process where you input your own support on someone else’s writing assignment. The revision process may include clarification on the sub points to the main points for a particular audience, relevant evidence to improve the overall subject, smooth transition from one point to another, meeting guidelines for the written assignment such as the Wikipedia article and many other ways to help improve an individual’s writing assignment. Revision process primary concern is not fixing the grammars that a writer makes, but a process where many and many processes of revisions needed until the writer feels he had message across the page.

We also learn that using pictures is a tool in leading our audience to a particular viewpoint. In using captions along with our pictures, the audience will most likely be swayed into believing the captions sets the setting shown in the picture. Examples where we would use pictures with captions to help the reader intuitively understand the writer’s message would be the living picture narrative and the Wikipedia article where the picture is relevant to the topic at hand.

Step Two (A):New-Mind-Map

Step Two (B):

The diagram above show my writing process’s journey from one strict way of writing to a flexible writer able to improve their writing assignments on any specific topics for any discourse communities around the world.

Step Three:Image result for joy pictures

Feeling joyful and thankful for improving my writing process throughout the quarter!!!

Picture Citation: https://thepreachersword.com/2013/07/08/word-of-the-week-joy/

After finishing my last learning journal for UWP 001Y, I personally feel a great sense of joy to improve my writing assignments to be able to make my messages clear to a particular discourse community around the world. In a sense, I also feel a burden of sadness as the class of UWP 001Y comes to an end where built friendships were made within the atmosphere of room 1 in Olson. As our e-portfolio is soon to be done and our presentations are soon approaching, I feel as if this is my chance to show my writing process’s journey to my peers and vice versa in order to help them review one last time on our writing process that was journeyed in UWP 001Y before we leave the course in order to continue our life on earth.

Image result for a fork in the road picture

As we come to the end of UWP 001Y, our writing process still continues even after my peers and I began to walk on separate paths.

Picture Citation: http://damiontrombley.com/tag/fork-in-the-road/


Learning Journal 7

Step Two:

This week, we were introduced to the e-portfolio of the final project. We were able to experience the making of the website for our e-portfolio and to incorporate the living narrative, Wikipedia, and the podcast project along with the cover letter of our work throughout the winter quarter to present to our audience during the our finals in UWP 001. We were able to make a long block of words into an attractive piece of draft using pictures, word fonts, and captions to help the readers be attracted and focused. We were also able to explore the making of a website and how we can use pictures and our tone in our writing to allow the audience to experience the mood and feel of the message. Allowing the readers to feel emotions from the pictures and the words allowed them to compare themselves to the writer which allowed them to draw closer to the speaker in a personal way.

Step Three:

On the given feedback from my peers and my teacher, there is a lot of revision that needed to be addressed in order for my thesis of my Wikipedia draft to remain strong and clear with my sub points. I needed to focus more on the facts instead of my opinions that would allow the readers to be more informed. With this in mind, I needed to reword many sentences in order to eliminate any potential bias and opinion that may be hidden within in the draft. I also needed to brush off the dust on my citation on resources by going on the OWL Purdue webpage in order to give the Wikipedia draft the credibility it needs to gain the discourse community’s trust and attention. There are a few paragraphs that needed to be fixed for more clarity and some paragraphs that needed to be obliterated because it is all opinion on the topic I plan to write about. With this critical observation on my draft, there is a long revision process in order to ensure that the discourse community will be able to understand the facts and points presented in this Wikipedia article.

Step Four:

Based on the reverse outline video, I plan on making a reverse outline that will portray what the draft points are in a chronological order. I needed to ensure that the points that the draft gives are not too repetitive with enormous about of evidence backing it up. I can also use this reverse outline to compare to my original outline that the draft is based on and to see where are the flaws that the draft lacks in to support a sub point in order to strengthen the thesis of the entire draft.

  1. Make reverse outline
    • Sub points by paragraph along with its evidence in chronological order
  2. Compare the reverse outline to the original outline that the draft was intended to write about

Podcast Project Reflection

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Reflection picture on a given task

This assignment, I learn how to write a script based on the observations and thoughts that I gain from my primary research experiencing first-hand experience. I first had to understand the purpose of the project which is to learn how to connect with a certain audience using specific tone and address on the topic of my primary research. The primary research will allow the readers to see and grasp their senses to connect to the research thus allowing the script to be alive and have a personal meaning to them. In order to have the audience to further grasp the message of the script, we as a class will conduct our independent voice recording to allow readers to gain higher understanding and connect by interpreting the tone and the words together to create a tool used to grasp the message to near a hundred percent.

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Credit:Peter Mason|Taxi|GettyImages

When approaching this project, I first had to read the prompt which explicitly explains a five to six minute podcast which in terms of seven hundred to eight hundred words for the assigned project. What really worked well for the writing process of the project was simply the detailed description thus makes the downfall of me getting carried away with too much detail that would evidently allow readers to become lost or confused with such details explained. In the future, I should gain sufficient observation that would allow me to be more flexible when writing the script to show the readers a simpler and clearer explanation on the adventures I experience when conducting this research.

The first skill that was improved when conducting the podcast project is research. Research in terms of collecting and analyzing data and conclude with new knowledge by the primary research is greatly shown to the audience simply by explaining detailed occurrences or observation linked by my intentional thoughts that happened during the travel of the hike. The second former skill that was improved over the primary research is the process to which many revisions and unnecessary wordiness helps polish and prevent cluster of confusion in the atmosphere of the audience when writing or scripting our recording voices to connect to the reader.

With these skills in mind that was sharpen in the process of conducting the primary research, it would evidently help my future lab report, writing reports in a career, and many other research drafts as such similarities between them is the need to conduct primary research and  revise our written work in order to make clarity and understanding for me as the writer and the specific audience to whom the written work address.

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Sharpening Skills Picture

Wikipedia Entry Reflection

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Improving as a Writer

I advanced my skills as a writer by focusing on the approach of the process first before proceeding to write the draft itself. Along the way, I learn that I need a background on the subject of my interest to a specific audience in mind. I learn the ways of finding a credible source that would prove me as a credible writer by citing each articles. I used pictures and captions and tone to help narrow my audience into a specific point I wanted to bring to them on the subject. Altogether, I had advanced my writing skills by allowing my peers to revise my writing to show the strength of my message connecting to my intended audience.

At the beginning of the writing process. I had conducted a background research on the topic. Using google and Wikipedia as a way of means to limit a big idea into a narrow subject for my intended audience to grasp and learn. I had created an outline explaining my points and backed by credible sources on both sides of the argument. I had found out that finding a credible source is really difficult at firsthand, but after extra reading on OWL Purdue, I can see a glimpse of the difference between a source and a credible source for my audience to witness and by swayed.

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Process of Searching for Credible Sources

Two skills that I obtains and hone during the process of conducting a Wikipedia research are process and the research action itself. In order for me to get connected with the community background of my topic, I first need my peers to revise my Wikipedia draft in order for me to see where the level of understand between the Wikipedia article and the intended audience to understand. To further increase the connection with the article and the community, I have to go in search of new credible sources that would help elevate my points in the assignment.

With these skills in mind, I plan on have a need to have my peers look over the draft to witness the level of my message and points reaching out to the readers and to hone this connection thru conductive research and understanding. Possibly in my future physics classes, an engineering class or even my career where I needed to connect my points to my peers in order for them to understand the message which would result in lower chance of human error in our work as well as improve my communication and teamwork in my future co-workers.

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Photo Credit: Pixabay CC user dangquocbuu

Learning Journal Six

Step Two:

This week, I acknowledge that I have to reinforced and renew my current understand on revision when looking on a piece of writing assignment.  I learn that I need to accept the judgement of others in order to help improve my writing that would allow others to understand the message that I’m trying to convey to them. Resulting in me too not get attached to my writing work when allowing others to revise my piece of literature work. I learn that there are seven key elements that should be focused when revising a peer’s writing assignment in order to allow their work to flourish and improve. During my future encounter when I stumble upon a peer in need for a revision of their writing, I needed to keep in mind the seven elements of revision, but the most important part beside the seven elements is what is the peer/author trying to convey to their specific readers and how I go upon that problem to allow the peer to connect with his intended audience.

Step Three:

I learn that as a writer, I have to accept the criticism of other when allowing them to revise my draft in order to get the perspective of a reader for a specific audience to understand the main message of my passage. I learn that as a writer, our common enemy is ourselves trying to protect our writing reputation of others by allowing ourselves to detach from the piece of writing when accepting the judgement when allowing others to revise that draft. I learn that I have to listen to myself and actually really hear what I’m saying instead of making an assumption that he reader may know about when I’m trying to speak to a specific audience. I learn the seven key elements when revising a piece of literature work when confronted by a peer to revise their work; Subject, Audience, Form, Structure, Development, Dimensions, and Tone in chronological order.

Step Four:

Based on the feedback of the living picture narrative assignment from my peers and my teacher, I learn that I need to focus on the perspective of my story on the subject more than the technical things that is needed to understand a story that I’m trying to convey. In order for the living picture narrative to be living, I need to incorporate both my observation and my thoughts in the pass of my life in order to understand that givens need in this assignment. Once I acknowledge all my givens from my memory of my pass, I need to find a route that will allow the living picture narrative to connect to the readers whether or not they have similar experiences that is portrayed in the assignment. After having an idea on where I should focus on allowing the text to connect to the reader, I should then focus on incorporating the seven elements that I learned in step three in the reading “The Maker’s Eye” by Donald Murray.

Step Five:

  • Focus on connecting to the reader by sharing your experience that the technical things needed to understand the story
  • Focus on a subject that allow the reader to understand the purpose of the living picture narrative assignment
  • Sharpen the captions on the picture to help the readers narrow down their perspective in order to understand the message of the overall assignment

Learning Journal Five

Step Two (Writing):

During this week, I learn the different between primary research and secondary research on a project. A primary research is the conducted research being made by the writer themselves experiencing everything first hand. A secondary research is a documented research that has been previous pasted down by another researcher. I learn that it is better to plan your project on a timeline to have the project efficiently planned and well thought out over a course of length up until the deadline instead of cramming everything in one seating. I learn that there are techniques that are commonly used when making a primary research which is by observing an uncontrolled situation, survey to the people who are in an environment related to your project, and interviewing highly credible fellows which can allow the audience to give credit to your primary research. Throughout the days on the Wikipedia and the podcast projects that goes into the e-portfolio, I plan on using these techniques to further my writing when conducting research for future assignments.

Step Five (Source):

Mental health benefits of outdoor adventures: Results from two pilot studies.

The main idea of the academic article is to do a controlled experiment on a teenager and a young adult spending eight days in the wilderness with no connection to civilization and the media. The article explains the benefit of camping and living in the wilderness woods of the Alps in the German, Austrian, and Italian Alps during this experiment. The article also address the result of the participants after the experiment in which improvements their life satisfaction and mindfulness needed for a daily task. With this main idea, it helps supports the argument of the mental benefits of getting away from civilization into a wilderness by developing a relief from deadlines of assignments.

Health Benefits of Hiking

The main idea of the article explains the benefits of hiking that would affect hiker’s health in a positive way. Addressing that hiking is not only enjoying nature for enjoyment, but can also allow the hiker to exercises which reduces heart disease, diabetes, arthritis and obesity. Walking and observing in an uncontrolled environment helps relax the body lowering the chance of hypertension, anxiety that occurs from day to day tasks of a civilized individual. With this main idea of the benefits of hiking that effects health helps address the need for an individual to take a hike exploring new places which can happen anywhere an individual wishes to hike giving them positive health benefits.

“Countless studies and research have consistently shown that regular exercise not only improves our overall health and fitness, but lengthens and improves the quality of our lives.”

Step Seven (Picture; Column):


Step Eight (Picture; Waterfall/Hike):

Step Nine through Thirteen (Outline):

To be able to observe and record my thoughts during a primary research in an uncontrolled experimental environment.


·         Water rushing in the creek below

·         Large Hills

·         Wooden Cabin

·         Water droplets falling from the tree branches

·         Clear walk paths


·         The sound of water running through the creek calms me down giving me a sense of peace and comfort.

·         No Wi-Fi or any sort of internet connections which lowers my anxiety to check my emails for upcoming assignments

·         The fog above and dripping droplets from tree branches allows my physical body to know that it is morning

Notes from sources:

  • Health benefits in hiking
    • “Countless studies and research have consistently shown that regular exercise not only improves our overall health and fitness, but lengthens and improves the quality of our lives.”
  • No connection with the media
    • Allows an individual to be physically and mentally present without worrying over deadlines for school or work

Step Fourteen (Reflection):

I learn to experience a primary research for the first time using my senses such as smell, touch and seeing the environment for the first time. To be able to separate observation and independent thoughts into columns for me to be able to make a thesis in order to create an outline. To be able to make a connection with my secondary research which allow me to understand them through experience when conducting my primary research. Using my gained knowledge to develop an outline that is organized and structured chronologically for my audience to listen and understand. I learn to take pictures and videos the environment to allow evidence for the audience to hook onto. I wished I have known to take as many picture and videos as I can to allow me room to choose the best picture to further elevate my first person experience to my audience in my podcast.